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1st (Weak) Aorist Tense, Middle Voice, Imperative Mood Verbs - Ancient Greek eLearning

Ancient Greek 1st aorist middle imperative verbs refer to commands issued (either directly or indirectly) to perform an action. However, a critical point to remember is that the 'aorist tense' here does not refer to the temporal past, but to the fixed and momentary aspect of the action to be performed, eg: "Shave (before the party tonight)!"

1st (weak) aorist middle imperatives use the present-tense verb stem, and the following endings: -σαι, -σασθω, -σασθε or -σασθων (there are no first person imperatives). If a vowel precedes the sigmatic ending, it will be lengthened to either an ω (if it is an ο- contract verb) or an η (if it is an α- or ε- contract verb).

This page normally would show an online elearning practice test of the endings for ancient Greek 1st aorist tense, middle voice verbs in the imperative mood. The test does not include accent marks, but does include α-, ε- and ο- contracts.

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