1st (Weak) Aorist Tense, Middle Voice, Indicative Mood Verbs - Ancient Greek eLearning
Ancient Greek 1st (weak) aorist middle indicative verbs describe simple completed past actions (as opposed to progressive past actions). They generally have three characteristics by which they can be recognized: 1) the presence of a present-tense verb stem, 2) an epsilon-augment preceeding the stem, and 3) an alpha-sigma ending, followed by -αμην, -ω, -ατο, -αμεθα, -ασθε or -αντο (depending on person and number).
There are a few variations: verb stems beginning with either an alpha or an epsilon will have an eta-augment instead of epsilon-augment, while verb stems beginning with an omicron will have omega-augments in lieu of epsilon-augments. Similarly, if the stem is an alpha, epsilon or omega-contract verb, the alpha in the alpha-sigmatic ending will be replaced according to the ancient Greek contraction rules.
This page normally would show an online elearning practice test of the user's knowledge of the augments and endings for 1st aorist tense, middle voice ancient Greek verbs in the indicative mood. The test does not include accent marks, but does include α-, ε- and ο- contracts.
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