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2nd (Strong) Aorist Tense, Middle Voice, Indicative Mood Verbs - Ancient Greek elearning

Ancient Greek 2nd (strong) aorist middle indicative verbs describe simple completed past actions (as opposed to progressive past actions). They are virtually identical in appearance to verbs in the imperfect tense: both have epsilon augments (or in some cases, eta or omega augments), and both use the same verb endings (-ομεν, ου, ετο, ομεθα, εσθε, οντο).

However, there are a few distinctions between the two, the first being that while imperfect middle indicative verbs use present-tense verb stems, 2nd aorist middle indicative verbs use aorist-stems (which differ, sometimes greatly, from their present-tense counterparts). The second dissimilarity is that the aorist-stems used in the 2nd aorist are "standard", and never form α-, ε-, or ο- contract endings.

This page normally would show an online elearning practice test of of the augments and endings for 2nd aorist tense, middle voice ancient Greek verbs in the indicative mood. The test does not include accent marks.

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